Chapter: 3 - Breast Cancer
Subchapter: 3 - Types of Tumors
Remember, a tumor is a mass of abnormal tissue. There are two types of tumors: those that are non-cancerous, or ‘benign’, and those that are cancerous, which are ‘malignant’.
When a tumor is diagnosed as benign, doctors usually leave it alone rather than remove it. Even though these tumors are not aggressive toward surrounding tissue, they may continue to grow, pressing on organs and causing pain or other problems. In these situations, the tumor is removed, allowing pain or complications to subside.
Malignant tumors are cancerous and aggressive, because they invade and damage surrounding tissue. When a tumor is suspected to be malignant, the doctor will preform a biopsy, a diagnostic procedure which we will cover in Sub–Chapter 4.3, to determine the severity of the tumor.
Metastatic cancer is when cancer cells of a malignant tumor spread to other parts of the body, usually through the lymph system, and form a secondary tumor.
Tumor grading is a system used to classify a malignant tumor based upon the severity of the mutation and the likelihood that it will spread. According to the National Cancer Institutes's tumor grading system, there are four grades: low grade (1), intermediate grade (2) and two types of high grades (3 & 4). Grade 1 tumor cells, for example, are the least aggressive in behavior; they still resemble healthy cells and multiply at a slower rate. Higher grade tumors tend to grow and spread more rapidly than tumors of a lower grade.
Tumor grades are not to be confused with cancer stages, which we will discuss in detail in Chapter 5.
In this chapter, we looked at where cancer usually begins, reasons why it grows, how it spreads, the importance of evaluating the tumor for certain receptors, and the difference between benign and malignant tumors.
Now it’s time to get a better understanding of your diagnosis.
Asked by anonymousSurvivor since 2012
Asked by anonymousLearning About Breast Cancer
Lumps even multiple lumps are very common. We all worry when we find them. You are doing the right thing in getting them checked. The vast majority of these are not cancers and you have an excellent chance of these being benign.....NOT cancer. We can all tell you not to worry but it is human...
Lumps even multiple lumps are very common. We all worry when we find them. You are doing the right thing in getting them checked. The vast majority of these are not cancers and you have an excellent chance of these being benign.....NOT cancer. We can all tell you not to worry but it is human nature to have this fear. The best thing to do is stay very busy. Exercise, take walks, get together with your friends, anything to keep yourself occupied. Can you talk to your mom about this?. Please let us know how your testing turns out. When you have the ultrasound done, have them explain what they are looking for and what they see. I will keep positive thoughts for these to be nothing more than cysts. Hang in there and take care, Sharon
The majority of lumps are not cancer. That being said like Sharon said talk with your mom or some other trusted adult. You are in my thoughts and prayers, BettiComment 3
Asked by anonymous
This is a great resource for cutting edge information. You can sign up for their monthly free newsletter. There is much information about the latests tests and treatments. It is out of Johns Hopkins. http://www.hopkinsbreastcenter.org/artemis/ You can go back into their archives.Comment 0
There are several resources besides this site. Although this site is filled with a lot of knowledgeable wise caring people that are very willing to answer your questions sharing there own experiences with you. Some other sites are Breast cancer.org and if you are considering reconstruction...
There are several resources besides this site. Although this site is filled with a lot of knowledgeable wise caring people that are very willing to answer your questions sharing there own experiences with you. Some other sites are Breast cancer.org and if you are considering reconstruction http://www.plasticsurgery.org/ this site will help you find out more about the different types of reconstruction procedures The susan love research foundation also is a great site to get answered to your questions. Also the American cancer society in your state should have a reach for recovery program. They have volunteers that you can talk to that are breast cancer survivors. This last link is a link to my personal story of my breast cancer experience I take you from my initial diagnosis my surgery bilateral subcutaneous mastectomies with reconstruction and then my recovery and reflection a year latter. Hope this helps. Take care http://home.roadrunner.com/~amj/
Asked by anonymousLearning About Breast Cancer
Has the fluid been biopsies? Consult a beast surgeon. Good luck. Maybe consult an oncologist too. That discharge does not seem normal and more opinions would ease your mind!Comment 0
Breast surgeon not beast surgeon. :)Comment 0
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